Periodontal Disease: Definition & Stages

Periodontal disease, often known as gum disease, affects people of all ages and is a very common disorder. It could lead to several complications and also result in tooth loss. Hence it is essential to reverse periodontal disease as soon as you spot the warning signs. Our dentists at West Airdrie Dental have provided the different stages of the disease in this blog. Contact your Airdrie dentist if you notice any of the indicators mentioned below.

What Is A Periodontal Disease?

Before moving on to the different stages, let us first find out what periodontal disease is. It’s simply a gum infection that can cause considerable damage if left untreated. It slowly attacks your tissues and spreads into the pulp of your teeth. It can however be reversed in its initial stages. As time goes on, it gets more difficult to control. That’s when you’ll need advanced treatments and surgeries from your dentist in Airdrie.

What Are The Different Stages Of A Gum Disease?

Recognizing the stages can benefit you in the long run and help you to detect the disease in time. This will help you to receive an effective periodontal disease treatment plan, as well as a reduction in the risk of future dental issues. Depending on the severity of the symptoms, gum disease can be divided into four phases.  Let’s take a look at the various stages of periodontal disease.


Gingivitis is the first stage of infection and the only phase where it is still reversible. It generally occurs as a consequence of improper dental hygiene. Excess plaque builds up in your mouth as a result of your inconsistent brushing and flossing routines. This is the main reason behind gingivitis.  Your gums may begin to secrete a milky substance called exudate, which causes bad breath. Keep an eye out for a milky white secretion as well as persistent bad breath. These are the signs of gingivitis, and you should see your Airdrie dentist right away once you notice them.

Early Periodontitis

Periodontal disease can no longer be reversed in the second phase. However, you need not be worried. At this point, the infection can still be managed. Once the plaque hardens, it turns into tartar which could spread to your bones.  You may notice a change in the color of your gums as well as notice the appearance of gum pockets. It’s essential to identify the disease in its early stages. Letting it progress further could lead to serious dental problems.

Moderate Periodontitis

This is the point when the symptoms begin to worsen. The pockets will grow bigger, and your mouth will taste odd. Your teeth begin to wobble, which raises the risk of tooth loss. Your dentist in Airdrie could suggest several deep cleaning procedures to remove the plaque buildup. Lack of treatment could result in shifting teeth and you might taste blood in your mouth all the time.

Advanced Periodontitis

At this stage, the illness has progressed to the advanced phase, and the state of your gums has worsened. You may experience pus oozing out from your gums and also suffer from chronic halitosis. It could also result in bonelessness and it is important to tackle the infection at this stage. Delay in treatment could result in gum recession and ultimately lead to tooth loss.


We hope this blog has helped you to understand the different stages of periodontal disease. Book an appointment with us at West Airdrie Dental if you are looking for the best periodontal treatment in Airdrie, AB.